IN a secretary in the justice department wrote a long petition to the Ming emperor. Bored by the endless preamble, the Son of Heaven had the functionary dragged to the court and flogged. That night he read to the end of the petition and discovered Eritic sensible proposals crammed into its final page.
He ordered them to be enacted the next day.
China still has bureaus where citizens can appeal against official injustice, but the government discourages people from using. But if appeals to the emperor now fall on deaf ears, humbler forums for complaint are encouraged.
The hotlines allow people to be put through to a local bureaucrat.
The first one was set up in Since then they have proliferated, creating an unco-ordinated tangle. But the past few years have seen rounds of consolidation.
Shanghai announced a single hotline in Guangzhou, in the south, did so in The unified ones all use the same number, Such services may sound parochial, but they play an important role.
Chinese officials find it hard to gauge what citizens are thinking. There is no free press and no elections to give them clues. msssage
PW's Guide to BEA Exhibitors: J - R
The Communist Party hopes that the hotlines and e-mails will make local administrations more accountable, more efficient and—perhaps—more popular.
But do they? In recent months state Erotuc have been promoting what they call a model example—the hotline in Jinan, capital of the coastal province of Shandong.
It was launched inhas about 60 operators on duty and gets nearly 5, calls Free stuff Korschenbroich or day, rising to 20, on busy ones.
Modernism and Fascism
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PW's Guide to BEA Exhibitors: J - R
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Unsubscribe at any time. ❶Foreign observers watched with surprise as battlefield opponents embraced as old friends.
He did not mind being solitary. The worst answer would be for countries to turn their massae on globalisation. This involved three main initiatives.
If they can do so cheaply Local swingers Lichtenberg well as quietly, these new speedbirds should face a rosier future than that afforded to Concorde.
Moerss it is hurting them even more, with Mr Bush desperately splurging on attack ads against his establishment rivals, especially Mr Rubio. But the past few years have seen rounds of consolidation.
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Protectionism, by contrast, hurts consumers and does little for workers. But regulation is needed. Featured: Story Reader and Active Minds children's products; titles from various imprints.
Placed near works by Josef Albers and Robert Rauschenberg, two white men who are much more famous, it was a statement.
Most are poor.
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In recent years thousands have died violently. The election has been a long time coming. The constitution required Mr Kabila to step down in He tried to change it, failed, Urban beauty Julich stuck around for two more years.
On three Sundays, congregations in Stuqrt marched out of church after mass waving palm fronds and placards. The police sprayed them with tear gas and bullets, killing 18 people and dumping bodies in the river.
Mr Kabila probably will step down, having been pressed to do so by Angola, South Africa and other African states that fear chaos if he lingers.]